Welcome

The ANC Archives Welcome to the ANC Archives. This site contains audio, document, photo, quotes and video content. The collections here represent a snapshot of the digitized material at Fort Hare University. Please use the feedback functionality of the site to inform us of any errors or omissions relating to the content.

Olaf Palme Memorial Lecture

Olaf Palme Memorial Lecture on Disarmament and Development with speeches by Oliver Tambo and Allan Boesak.

Poster: 1951 Defiance Campaign

Poster published by the ANC in 1984; designed by Thami Mnyele; printed by Caledonian Press, London. The photograph shows blind trade union leader Violet Hashe addressing a crowd in Johannesburg at the start of the 1951 Defiance Campaign; picture from Drum Magazine. Poster: ... to organise our womenfolk into a powerful, united and active force for revolutionary change. This task falls on men and women alike - all of us as comrades. FORWARD WITH THE YEAR OF THE WOMEN!

ANC president Chief Luthuli burning his pass book

ANC president Chief Luthuli burning his pass book in 1960. Photographer: Eli Weinberg.

Chris Hani and Klaas de Jonge at an ANC rally

Chris Hani (left, with sunglasses) and Klaas de Jonge (right) at an ANC rally in Lady Frere, South Africa; November 1990. Photographer: Pieter Boersma.

Theoretical training of guerillas in a camp of the African National Congress

Theoretical training of guerillas in a camp of the African National Congress, July 14, 1982. Photo and copyright: AND-Zentralbild Berlin, GDR.

South Africa 1985

Excerpts of speeches from the white apartheid regime and from its opponents.

Interview: Govan Mbeki

An interview with Govan Mbeki one week after his release from Robben Island. He speaks about the future of South Africa.

International community

During the exile years the ANC DIP shaped the thinking of its caders around Mobile Fight Produce and Learn. These became the key pillars of the ANC led revolution.

Mandela’s African Tour – Botswana

After his release from prison Nelson Mandela travelled to many countries in Africa and abroad to thank those who had supported the ANC during the years of struggle and to implore them to continue to pressurize for democratic transformation in South Africa. Nelson Mandela shares a moment of joy with Sir Ketumile, President of Botswana, during a state visit to the country.

Mandela’s African Tour – Tanzania

After his release from prison Nelson Mandela travelled to many countries in Africa and abroad to thank those who had supported the ANC during the years of struggle and to implore them to continue to pressurize for democratic transformation in South Africa. CCM Chairman, Mwalimu Nyerere introducing Comrade Nelson Mandela to residents of Dar Es Salaam who turned up in large numbers at the national stadium to meet him.

ANC solidarity campaign in Europe

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Protesters holding placards during a hunger strike against apartheid in South Africa 1989.

Desmond Tutu with Quincy Jones

Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, (left) with Quincy Jones (American musician) during a fundraiser for the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund held in conjunction with the launch of the Blue Train.

Oliver Reginald Tambo

Oliver Reginald Tambo poses next to a bust of himself. Tambo was Secretary General of the ANC from 1955 after Walter Sisulu was banned by the South African Government under the Suppression of Communism Act. In 1958 he became Deputy President of the ANC and in 1959 was served with a five year banning order by the government. Tambo was sent overseas to mobilize resistance against apartheid. He settled in London where he and his family remained until 1990. In 1967 Tambo, who had been a founding member of the ANC Youth League, became Acting President of the ANC following the death of Chief Albert Luthuli. In 1985 he was reelected Prisident of the ANC.

Mandela’s tour abroad – China

After his release from prison Nelson Mandela travelled to many countries in Africa and abroad to thank those who had supported the ANC during the years of struggle and to implore them to continue to pressurize for democratic transformation in South Africa. Nelson Mandela on the Great Wall of China during a visit to China.

Dr. Frene Noshir Ginwala – South Africa’s first woman speaker of parliament

Dr. Frene Noshir Ginwala is seated (centre). Ginwala became South Africa's first woman speaker of parliament. She held the position from 1994 to 2004. Dr. Frene Noshir Ginwala (25 April 1932) a journalist, member of the ANC, politician and former speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa, chancellor of the University of KwaZulu-Natal..

Mandela waves to crowds at South Africa House in London

Nelson Mandela waving to the crowds from the balcony of South Africa House, Trafalgar Square, London, United Kingdom during his state visit in 1998.

Muhammed Ali addresses a gathering at the United Nations

Muhammed Ali addresses a gathering at the United Nations. The ANC succeeded in getting numberous cultural and sporting icons to speak out against apartheid.

Oliver Tambo with Miriam Makeba at the United Nations, New York

Ambassador Plimpton of the United States greets guests of honour Mr Oliver Tambo, then Deputy President of the ANC, Bishop Amborose Reeves and Mrs Miriam Makeba at a recetion hosted by the Secretariat of the Special Committee against Apartheid. United Nations, New York, October 1963. Oliver Tambo (2nd right) with Miriam Makeba. Makeba was a world renowned singer and anti-apartheid activist who played a significant role, while living in exile in stirring resistance against apartheid in the international arena. Tambo was sent by the ANC to live in the United Kingdom and to work toward encouraging international resistance against the apartheid regime.

Sharpeville Massacre – 21 March 1960

The killing of 69 peaceful protesters at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960, sent shockwaves around the country and the world. It precipitated a brutal crackdown on the liberation movement, including the banning of the ANC and the PAC.