Apartheid

The oppressive system of racial segregation Apartheid aimed to separate the different race groups completely through laws like the Population Registration Act, Group areas Act and Bantu Education Act, and through stricter pass laws and forced removals.

Poster: Tribute to Dulcie September

Poster produced by the ANC office in Paris as a tribute to Dulcie September, ANC representative in France, assassinated in March 1988 in Paris. Poster: MOBILISE, DON'T MOURN (RIPOSTONS PAR LA MOBALISATION) SUPPORT THE ANC (SOUTIEN A L'ANC) COMPREHENSIVE SANCTIONS NOW (SANCTIONS GLOBALES IMMEDIATES)

Opening ceremony of the ANC Holland Solidarity Hospital in Mazimbu

Opening ceremony of the ANC Holland Solidarity Hospital in Mazimbu, refugee settlement of the ANC in Tanzania, on May 1, 1984. Centre: Henk Odink, chairman of the Dutch Medical Committee Angola (MKA) which financed the building of the hospital. Photo: Eli Weinberg Photolab.

ANC president Chief Luthuli burning his pass book

ANC president Chief Luthuli burning his pass book in 1960. Photographer: Eli Weinberg.

South Africa 1985

Excerpts of speeches from the white apartheid regime and from its opponents.

ANC solidarity campaigns in Europe and North America

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Banners call for "Generation Mandela" during a street march.

ANC solidarity campaign in France during apartheid

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Here banners calling for Nelson Mandela's release are held high during a street march in France during the apartheid years.

ANC solidarity campaign for Mandela’s release in France

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Students call for Nelson Mandela's liberation during a street march in France during the apartheid years.

ANC solidarity campaign in Europe

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Protesters holding placards during a hunger strike against apartheid in South Africa 1989.

ANC apartheid solidarity campaign in Germany

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. A bigger than life poster of Nelson Mandela outside the Deutsche Bank in the Nelson Mandela Platz, Nuremberg, Germany during the apartheid years.

ANC solidarity campaign in Germany

The African National Congress ran successful campaigns in Europe and North America to concientize foreign nations to the evils of apartheid. Protesters with wooden crosses bearing names of fallen struggle fighters during a protest march in Germany during the apartheid years.

Poster: Liberate Nelson Mandela

A poster calling for the liberation of Nelson Mandela. Poster text: NELSON MANDELA Citoyen d'honneur de la ville d'Arcueil LIBRE la lutte contre l’apartheid CONTINUE (Translation: NELSON MANDELA Honorary Citizen of the town of Arcueil FREE struggle against apartheid CONTINUE) The ANC was active in exile and mobilized significant activist communities against apartheid in many European nations who called for economic sanctions among other actions. French vehicle manufacturer, Peugot, once a dominant force in the South African motor industry, pulled out of the country under pressure from activists in France.

Commemorative Plaque for Dulcie September

Thabo Mbeki, Jackie Selebi and others arrive at the unveiling of a commemorative plaque for Dulcie September, a political activist who was assasinated in Paris, France on 29 March 1988.

Political activists singing freedom songs in France

Trevor Manuel (center) and other political activists sing freedom songs in Arcueil, France on 30 November 1989. Behind them, posters of Dulcie September and Nelson Mandela.

ANC activists campaign in France

Thabo Mbeki, Jay Naidoo, Aziz Pahad and others in Arcueil, France on 30 November 1989. Behind them, posters of Dulcie September and Nelson Mandela.

Oliver Tambo at a conference in Reggio Emelia

Oliver Tambo (centre) at a conference in Reggio Emelia in 1977. Tambo was Secretary General of the ANC from 1955 after Walter Sisulu was banned by the South African Government under the Suppression of Communism Act. In 1958 he became Deputy President of the ANC and in 1959 was served with a five year banning order by the government. Tambo was sent overseas to mobilize resistance against apartheid. He settled in London where he and his family remained until 1990. In 1967 Tambo, who had been a founding member of the ANC Youth League, became Acting President of the ANC following the death of Chief Albert Luthuli. In 1985 he was reelected Prisident of the ANC. Reggio Emelia promoted a national committee of solidarity with the peoples of Southern Africa. It was formed by the representatives of all the constitutional parties and the trade union and chaired by the city counsellor Guiseppe Soncini. The first important initiatve was the National Conference of Solidarity held in Reggio Emelia, November 1978.

ANC solidarity campaign in France directed at the United Nations

The ANC's international campaigns for the isolation of the apartheid South Africa inspired civil societies in other parts of the world to take up issues that affected their communities. This demonstration is one of such example as it is directed to the United Nations under the banner, UN vrai travail-cest UN droit

Apartheid education policies

Under the apartheid ministry of education, the infamous Department of Education and Training (DET), black children were subjected to a system of education designed to train them for jobs in the lowest rungs of the labour force.

Oliver Tambo at a conference in Reggio Emelia

Oliver Tambo (right) at a conference in Reggio Emelia in 1977. Tambo was Secretary General of the ANC from 1955 after Walter Sisulu was banned by the South African Government under the Suppression of Communism Act. In 1958 he became Deputy President of the ANC and in 1959 was served with a five year banning order by the government. Tambo was sent overseas to mobilize resistance against apartheid. He settled in London where he and his family remained until 1990. In 1967 Tambo, who had been a founding member of the ANC Youth League, became Acting President of the ANC following the death of Chief Albert Luthuli. In 1985 he was reelected President of the ANC. Reggio Emelia promoted a national committee of solidarity with the peoples of Southern Africa. It was formed by the representatives of all the constitutional parties and the trade union and chaired by the city counsellor Guiseppe Soncini. The first important initiatve was the National Conference of Solidarity held in Reggio Emelia, November 1978.

Oliver Tambo at the Pact of Solidarity with Reggio Emilia

Oliver Tambo of the African National Congress (2nd right) leaves the Pact of Solidarity between African National Congress of South Africa and City of Reggio Emilia in the company of Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma the leader of the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO). Reggio Emelia promoted a national committee of solidarity with the peoples of Southern Africa. It was formed by the representatives of all the constitutional parties and the trade union and chaired by the city counsellor Guiseppe Soncini. The first important initiatve was the National Conference of Solidarity held in Reggio Emelia, November 1978.

Muhammed Ali addresses a gathering at the United Nations

Muhammed Ali addresses a gathering at the United Nations. The ANC succeeded in getting numberous cultural and sporting icons to speak out against apartheid.