ANC President Oliver Tambo

President Oliver Reginald Tambo presenting a speech during an ANC conference.

ANC rally celebrating Nelson Mandela’s release

An ANC rally celebrating the release of Nelson Mandela from prison.

Nelson Mandela with Winnie Mandela

It was on February 11 when Nelson Mandela stepped out of Victor Vester prison as a free man. The Nelson Mandela Reception Committee which was chaired by Cyril Ramaphosa welcomed him. At his side is Winnie Mandela and behind is Pius Langa.

Stop killing our people

Under the apartheid government many families lost their loved ones because of the heavy hand of the state against anti-apartheid persons.

Interview: Govan Mbeki

An interview with Govan Mbeki one week after his release from Robben Island. He speaks about the future of South Africa.

Children learn at SOMAFCO

Children learn at SOMAFCO (Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College). The college was an ANC school set up for ANC exiles in Tanzania to equip South Africans that were becoming aware of the poor standard of education they were receiving under apartheid. The building of the school started in 1977 and opened in 1978 as a response to the influx of young South Africans to exile. Many had been part of the uprisings in South Africa in 1976. The objective of the college was to create a political school that would prepare cadres to serve the national struggle of the people of South Africa. The settlement was not simply an educational institution but included a clinic, a daycare centre, a clothing factory, and a worming farm.

Pallo Jordan

During and after the unbanning of the ANC in 1990 comrade Pallo Jordan was the head of the Department of Information and Publicity. In 1994 after the democratic elections of South Africa he served in the cabinet of President Mandela. He led the first Ministry of Arts and Culture in the post apartheid government. Here he is giving the keynote address at the "Culture in Another South Africa" Conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands, December 1987.

Olaf Palme Memorial Lecture

Olaf Palme Memorial Lecture on Disarmament and Development with speeches by Oliver Tambo and Allan Boesak.

Mazimbu: Behind the lines of a Liberation Movement

A clip from a documentary film about the Mazimbu - a small town built for ANC exiles that inludes the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College, daycare and medical facilities, a development centre for families to reside in, and many other projects.

Congress of South African Trade Unions

The Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) was launched on 1 December 1985 at the height of the struggle against apartheid. Held on the shoulders of others is the General Secretary, Jay Naidoo.

Black Sash

Candle light vigil by the Black Sash movement.

South Africa 1985

Excerpts of speeches from the white apartheid regime and from its opponents.

ANC 73rd Anniversary

Jacob Zuma, Alfred Nzo, Mendi Msimang and Joe Modise attend one of the meetings at SOMAFCO.

One Year in United Action

The United Democratic Front (UDF) celebrating one year of existence in 1984. The banner also reads Forward to Freedom. On the left is Albertina Sisulu. In the centre is Father Smangaliso Mkhatshwa.

Anti-apartheid Rally

"No to Botha" and "Solidarity with ANC!", written on posters carried by marchers at an anti-apartheid march. This was at the time of the referendum called by President Botha for White voters to decide on the tricameral parliament in November 1983. The resistance movements within the country and outside the country called for a "No" vote by White voters since Black South Africans were left out of the deal and only Indian and Coloured South Africans were included in Botha's deal.

United Democratic Front

A younger Trevor Manuel leads the singing during a UDF rally.

Oliver Tambo at funeral of 12

At the funeral of the 12, 0. R. Tambo, President of the ANC, denounced the "brutal crime perpetrated by the South African regime" and pledged that the ANC would "respond in South Africa". He invited all people and organisations in South Africa "of whatever political thought and ideological tendency to converge into the revolutionary stream that must sweep away racism and fascism and oppression in South Africa".

Ulibambe Lingashoni “Hold up the Sun”

Excerpt from the introductory episode in the series 'Hold up the sun', about the making of popular political resistance groups in South Africa.

25th Anniversary of South African Women’s Day August 9th

A poster produced in London commemorating the 25th Anniversary of South African Women's Day on August 9th.

Don’t entertain apartheid – support the cultural boycott!

During the apartheid years artists from different walks of life came together to support the boycott of culture under apartheid regime.